Interest on Loan for Subsidiary Investment Deductible

- CA. Ali Asgar



Interest on Loan for Subsidiary Investment Deductible

    Interest on Loan for Subsidiary Investment: Bombay HC's Verdict

    In a recent ruling by the Bombay High Court, a significant precedent was set regarding the allowance of interest on loans taken to invest in a subsidiary company. The case, PCIT Vs Videocon Industries Ltd. & Anr (Income Tax Appeal No. 434 of 2018), raised pivotal questions regarding the disallowance of interest expenses on loans used for purchasing shares of a subsidiary.

    Key Points of the Case:

    1. Contention of the Revenue: The Revenue argued that the funds used to purchase subsidiary shares were diverted for non-business purposes, suggesting that the interest expenses should not be deductible.
    2. Assessee's Argument: On the other hand, the assessee contended that the investments in the subsidiary were made for commercial expediency and aligned with their normal course of business activities.
    3. Court's Ruling: The Bombay High Court carefully considered the arguments presented and concluded that the investments made by the assessee in its subsidiary were indeed for business purposes. The Board of Directors had approved these investments, and they were deemed commercially expedient, especially considering the high valuation of the telecom business at that time.
    4. Supporting Findings: Both the CIT(A) and ITAT had previously determined that the investments were linked to the assessee’s business interests and were made in accordance with its regular business activities.
    5. Deductibility of Interest Expenses: As a result, the interest paid on the funds utilized for these investments was deemed allowable expenditure under Section 36(1)(iii) of the Income Tax Act.


    The verdict by the Bombay High Court provides clarity on the deductibility of interest expenses incurred for investments in subsidiaries. It underscores the importance of evaluating the purpose and commercial viability of such investments in determining their tax treatment. This ruling offers guidance to taxpayers and reinforces the principle of allowing deductions for expenses incurred in the ordinary course of business.

    Overall, the judgment represents a significant development in tax jurisprudence and serves as a guiding precedent for similar cases in the future.


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